Air Pollution Essay in Odia
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Air is essential for living organisms. The oxygen in it combines with the hemoglobin particles in our blood to produce oxyhemoglobin. It supplies oxygen to various parts of the body along with the bloodstream. It generates energy by digesting food. This automatic physical process goes on and on. It is impossible for us to survive for a while without food, but for a moment without air.
The atmosphere covers the earth like a blanket. Usually no gases, solids or water in the air are polluted beyond the prescribed amount. They are called air pollutants. Air pollutants are divided into two categories, primary and secondary. Nitric oxide, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen and other gases enter the atmosphere and these primary pollutants enter the atmosphere and emit second-class pollutants in various chemical processes.
Nitrogen dioxide, the second group, and the second group of pollutants combine to form photochemicals, smogs, and acid particles. This air pollutant has a significant impact on the ecosystem. In particular, particles smaller than 10 microns in size can enter our airways and accumulate in diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, and respiratory infections of the lungs, causing various respiratory diseases. The best way to control pollution is from air pollution sources.
In order to control the pollutants emitted from the industries, it is necessary to assess the environmental impact before the establishment of the industry. Emphasis should be placed on controlling the dust flowing around the factory premises, the use of the necessary techniques, the application of pollution control equipment, and the installation of high chimneys in industrial centers.