Bhagwati Charan Vohra Biography
Bhagwati Charan Vohra Biography: Bhagwati Charan Vohra was born on July 4, 1904 in Lahore, but when he grew up, he came to live in Punjab. The Bohras were initiated into the sect. That is why they were addressed as Bhagwati Charan Vohra. Bhagwati Charan’s education was initiated in Lahore. They were rebellious by nature, they were going to break the rules. Therefore, by joining the revolutionaries in the student age, they started working for the independence of the country.
Bhagwati Charan was married in his student age. His wife’s name was Durga Bohra. Durga’s father was a sanyasi. He married his daughter with Bhagwati Charan, thinking that his daughter would live happily with him, but when he came to know that Bhagwati Charan was with the revolutionaries, he was very sad. But Durga ji herself was not even saddened by this fact. Instead of sorrow, he was proud because in his heart also he had a strong devotion towards the country.
|Bhagwati Charan Vohra Biography|
Bhagwati Charan supported her revolutionary husband with great distinction. There was a time when his house was making a den of revolutionaries. She was known among the revolutionaries as Durga Bhabhi. After leaving studies, Bhagwati Charan did not do any work other than the work of the country. He organized revolutionary parties in Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and Punjab with great enthusiasm and dedication. He was the right hand of Chandrashekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh.
Bhagwati Charan Vohra had opened his house for the revolutionaries without worrying about his life. Any revolutionary could go to his house at any time, eat roti and take rest. The meetings of the revolutionaries were also often held in his house. He used to arrange the money for the revolutionaries.
Simon Commission arrived in India in 1928 AD. According to the decision of the Congress, the commission was boycotted all over the country. When the commission went to Lahore in October, a huge procession was taken out there to boycott it. The procession was led by Lala Lajpat Rai. When the procession reached Lahore station, horses were not only run on it, sticks were also showered on it. Lalaji was also hit by the stick, as a result of which he died.
In the passing of Lalaji to heaven, the whole country was filled with mourning. Where the ocean of mourning rose, the same fire of discontent ignited because his death was caused by sticks. The revolutionaries were disturbed. He vowed to kill the English police officer Saunders on whose signal Lalaji was lathi. The revolutionaries devised a plan to assassinate Sanders.
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After all, on the evening of December 16, between 4 and 5, Sanders was murdered. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Chandrashekhar Azad had a hand in killing him. After the murder, efforts were made to arrest these three with great enthusiasm, but even after making more efforts, none of the three revolutionaries could be arrested.
Bhagwati Charan Vohra, Durga Bhabhi and Bhagat Singh and Rajguru together made a plan to leave for Lahore. According to this plan, Bhagat Singh went from Lahore to Calcutta in the first class compartment of the train with his wife and orderly in the guise of an American sir. Durga Bhabhi was the wife of American Sahib and Rajguru had disguised as an orderly. Azad also went out of Lahore in the guise of a sadhu in the same vehicle.
It is said that at some station on the way, Bhagwati Charan, standing near the box of American dressed Bhagat Singh, told his wife Durga, “You actually got married with me today”. After the murder of Sanders, when the arrest started in full swing, both Bhagwati Charan and Durga became invisible. Durga then went to Calcutta with Bhagat Singh in the guise of an American woman and Bhagwati Charan had gone towards Uttar Pradesh. Events reveal that Durga and Rajguru did not go to Calcutta. Bhagat Singh went to Calcutta alone.
For one and a half year, Bhagat Singh kept roaming here and there in the condition of absconding. Where they were told and what they continued to do – nothing could be known in this regard till date, only it could be said that for one and a half years they were almost invisible. On the other hand Bhagat Singh first went to Calcutta and then went to Agra. In Agra, he along with his comrades planned to bomb the Central Assembly Hall of Delhi.
According to the plan of Bhagat Singh and Dutt, in the month of June 1929, an explosion was carried out in the Central Assembly Hall in Delhi, as a result of which Bhagat Singh and Dutt were arrested and sent to Lahore Jail. First he was kept in Delhi jail and then sent to Miyanwali Jail in Lahore. Rajguru, Sukhdev etc. were already arrested and kept in Miyawali Jail.
The revolutionaries could not be treated well in jail, so they put some of their demands in front of the government. When the government was not paying heed to their demands, they started fasting. In the days when the fast was going on, Bhagwati Charan, Azad together made a plan to free Bhagat Singh in consultation with each other. The plan was that when Bhagat Singh was taken to another jail due to his fast, he should be freed by throwing a bomb at the police vehicle on the way. It is said that Durga Bhabhi had gone to jail two or three times in the guise of Bhagat Singh ji’s aunt and informed her about the plan.
If the plan is well prepared, then surely It was decided that before detonating the bomb, it should be tested. It should not happen that the explosion does not happen on time and the whole plan fails. On 28 May 1930, Bhagwati Charan and Azad went to a deserted place on the banks of the Ravi river to test the bomb. Azad was sitting some distance away, but Bhagwati Charan took a bomb in his hand and started testing it. He said “the cap is looking a little loose”
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Vaishampayana said, “Come on, let me have a look.”
But the bomb exploded before Bhagwati Charan moved the bomb towards Vaishampayana. There was a loud bang Both the hands of Bhagwati Charan were cut off and the body was mutilated. Vaishampayana and Azad could not stay there as the police feared the arrival of the blast. He went to Durga Bhabhi and told the news of this sad incident. She could neither go near the corpse of her dead husband on the banks of the Ravi, nor did she stop well enough to ease the pain of her heart.
In the fear of harm to the country, his heart was made a thunderbolt. His tears were dried and made hard as snow. It is heard that the mutilated body of Bhagwati Charan Vohra was thrown into the waves of Ravi river by some unknown person. The river Ravi brimmed with her brave son in her lap.