Dadasaheb Phalke Biography
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Dadasaheb Phalke Biography: Dadasaheb Phalke, who is called the father of Indian cinema, is a milestone and a pillar of Indian cinema. It would not be wrong to say that if Dadasaheb Phalke had not been there, then Indian films would not have stood as a challenge in the modern filmmaking art of the world so soon. Whether it is the foreign exposure of V.
Shantaram, Raj Kapoor, Guru Dutt, Vimal Roy, Satyajit Ray, Mrinal Sen’s films or the Oscar Award for Best Costume by Shekhar Kapur for Elizabeth’s production. All these achievements are the result of the inspiration of Dadasaheb Phalke.
Dadasaheb Phalke’s full name was Dhundiraj Govind Phalke aka D.R.Phalke aka Dadasaheb Phalke. He was born in the year 1870 in the land of Maharashtra.
Dadasaheb Phalke used to think after seeing the films of that time that Indians could never make such films? He determined the Indians to intervene in this area. This was his dream, but to make the dream come true, money is needed.
Dadasaheb Phalke only had a dream, no money. To fulfill his dream, he started collecting money. Here it was difficult to run the family expenses, a full family of wife and 9 children. He just saw the movie The Life of Christ on a Christmas day. When he saw Jesus in this film, he decided to start a film on the miraculous pastimes of his Hindu deities. The wife sold the jewellery.
Now he was looking for a script. So he formed the Phalke Film Company with some enthusiastic people with him. In 1913, “Raja Harishchandra” became the first Hindi film. He himself directed this film. For this Dada learned photography.
Learned the art of making film sets. All the arts of theater were molded into films. It was a very difficult task for him to get the actors to act, to call dialogues. Dada also learned the nuances of how film distribution is done.
Produced 95 films and 26 short films like “Raja Harishchandra” “Ram Vanvas” “Nal Damayanti” “Bhasmasura Mohini” “Lanka Dahan” “Krishna Janma” “Gangaavataran” “Parshuram” etc.
During his 19 years of filmmaking, Dada made many efforts in the field of film. In 1913, she cast an actress for the first time; Because at that time the profession of acting was taboo for women. Men used to play the role of women. Before this silent films were made.
Dada (Dadasaheb Phalke) gave voice in the films. In 1930, he left the work of film production. To bring excellence in films, Dada went abroad to get training for all types of techniques ranging from camera techniques, photography techniques. For this he also suffered financial burden. Dada showed the right path to the upcoming filmmakers.
Dadasaheb Phalke made many new changes in the subject and trick photography of the films to show the miraculous scenes of the mythological film. Dadasaheb Phalke is credited for moving from silent films to talking films. Dada produced India’s first indigenous feature film. In fact, he is the father of films. Announced an award named “Dada Saheb Phalke” for his invaluable contribution in the field of film.
This award is presented by the President of India himself by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. It is the biggest and most honorable award in the film sector. This award is given for all kinds of distinguished and remarkable contribution in the field of film. In this award, an amount of Rs 2 lakh and a Swarna Kamal is given. It is provided since 1970. So far it has been given to more than 40 persons.
Life of Dadasaheb Phalke at a Glance
- Name: Dhundiraj Govind Phalke
- Date of Birth: 30 April 1870
- Place of Birth: Trimbak, Bombay
- Died: 16 February 1944 (73 years old)
- Place of Death: Nashik, Maharashtra
- Prfession: Film Production
- Marital Status: Married
- Wife: Saraswati Bai Phalke
- Son: Yashwantrao (Adopted son)
Popular Movies Of Dadasaheb Phalke
- Raja Harishchandra (1913)
- Mohini Bhamasur (1913)
- Satyavan Savitri (1914)
- Lanka Dahan (1917)
- Shri Krishna Janma (1918)
- Kalia Mardan (1919)
- Buddhadev (1923)
- Setu Bandham (1932)
- Gangavatavaram (1937)