Nagarjuna Biography: Physical life and chemistry have special importance in the field of science. The nature of these three has been integral in all the wonderful achievements and elements of science. In the ancient Indian scientists, in their medical practice, they used epoch-making tools for the benefit of human beings.
Whether it is surgery or any other treatment, various chemicals have been used to keep an object safe, beautiful and natural and dead in condition for a long time. If we leave this multi-faceted use of chemicals in modern science and talk about ancient Indian science, then it is known that our country has been a country of its important unique achievements in the field of chemistry. We have been a prominent chemist here, the name of Nagarjuna is special among them.
Nagarjuna was born in the second century AD in a Brahmin family in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. In Tibetan literature, one Nagarjuna is believed to be one of the eighty-four Siddhas, in which Nagarjuna is depicted with a snake around his neck. Nagarjuna wrote a book based on chemistry, its name is Ras Ratnakar or Rasendra Mangal which is written in Sanskrit language. It describes several methods of chemistry.
Nagarjuna was a great chemist of ancient India. There is a story about him in Tibetan literature that he had acquired the science of alchemy in a very miraculous way from a Brahmin. It is said that a wealthy Brahmin named Vyali set out in search of immortality to the man. Considering it to be in vain, he threw his written book full of various experiments into the river Formula. A prostitute of the city while bathing in the river saw the book which had become dry even after being immersed in water. He was surprised to see this.
She brought him to her house out of curiosity. It is said that one day the prostitute was cooking food in her kitchen. Fortunately, Vyali was the guest of that prostitute. After getting his book again, he started the method of making nectar. Here the prostitute’s food was being cooked, while Vyali was engaged in his nectar-related experiments. The prostitute accidentally put a pinch of masala in Vyali’s nectar rasayana.
Vyali fled to the forest with that nectar juice so that no one else could take advantage of that nectar juice. He started living on the rock of the swampy land. When Nagarjuna came to know about this, he discovered Vyali and found out the secret of the nectar juice. It is said that due to the use of that chemical, the wrinkles of the face disappeared, the white hair became black, the old man used to become young.
Nagarjuna had also obtained the method of tying mercury in the practice of Yakshini for 12 years. He had acquired proficiency in the method of converting silver into gold by purifying yellow sulfur with the Gond juice of Palash and cooking it on the fire of cow dung.
Nagarjuna used mercury as a medicine at various places. For this, he used a garbha yantra to prepare the ashes of mercury pishta, in which blowing, dung cakes, bellows, various types of sands were used. Nagarjuna was the first person in the history of chemistry to use Black Sulfide of Mercury as a medicine named Parpitkaras. The study of Ras Ratnakar gives an introduction to the different types of chemicals used by Nagarjuna, which were used by Nagarjuna at that time. was extraordinary.
It can be said with certainty that Nagarjuna must have been the best chemist of ancient Indian times. The chemicals used by him are also used in modern science. Whatever Nagarjuna achieved with his tireless hard work and intellectual power amidst limited resources and meager facilities, it is definitely an important achievement in the field of science.